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Materialism and the Mind-body Problem
Language: en
Pages: 315
Authors: David M. Rosenthal
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2000 - Publisher: Hackett Publishing

The original 1971 anthology, now considered classic, remains intact, but a new section of five essays has been added exploring mind-body materialism in light of recent concerns about how to characterize the various kinds of mental phenomena, and how these phenomena figure in psychological explanations. The introduction and the bibliography too have been augmented rather than revised. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR
Psychoanalysis and the Mind-Body Problem
Language: en
Pages: 404
Authors: Jon Mills
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2022-04-29 - Publisher: Routledge

In this volume, internationally acclaimed psychoanalysts, philosophers, and scholars of humanities examine the mind-body problem and provide differing analyses on the nature of mind, unconscious structure, mental properties, qualia, and the contours of consciousness. Given that disciplines from the humanities and the social sciences to neuroscience cannot agree upon the nature of consciousness—from what constitutes psychic reality to mental properties, psychoanalysis has a unique perspective that is largely ignored by mainstream paradigms. This book provides a comprehensive exploration of the mind-body problem in various psychoanalytic schools of thought, including philosophical and metapsychological points of view. Psychoanalysis and the Mind-Body Problem will be of interest to psychoanalysts, philosophers, neuroscientists, evolutionary biologists, academics, and those generally interested in the humanities, cognitive science, and the philosophy of mind.
Materialism, Minds, and Cartesian Dualism
Language: en
Pages: 130
Authors: Robert F. Almeder
Categories: Materialism
Type: BOOK - Published: 2022 - Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

The book takes well-established, scientific evidence on consciousness to interrogate, and re envisions questions of personal reincarnation and thus of the mind/body problem. Methodologically, the basis of the book is rooted in the careful argumentation and logical appraisal of classical materialism and the history of the mind-body problem.
The Mind–Body Problem
Language: en
Pages: 266
Authors: Mario Bunge
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-05-09 - Publisher: Elsevier

The Mind–Body Problem: A Psychobiological Approach examines the mind-body problem from a psychobiological perspective. It intends to show that the idea of a separate mental entity is not only unwarranted by the available data and the existing psychological models, but collides head-on with the most fundamental ideas of all modern science and is thus a stumbling block to progress. The book abandons ordinary language in favor of the state space language, which is mathematically precise and is shared by science and scientific philosophy. Comprised of 10 chapters, this monograph begins with an overview of the mind-body problem and its main proposed solutions, classified into main genera: psychophysical monism and psychophysical dualism. In particular, ten views on the mind-body problem are analyzed, along with three main varieties of materialism with regards to the problem: eliminative, reductive (or leveling), and emergentist. The discussion then turns to the notion of a concrete or material system, based on the assumption that behavior is an external manifestation of neural processes. Subsequent chapters explore the specific functions of the central nervous system; sensation and perception; behavior and motivation; memory and learning; thinking and knowing; and consciousness and personality. The book also considers sociality and social behavior in animals before concluding with an assessment of a psychological explanation of the mind, with emphasis on dualism and monism. This work will be of interest to students, academicians, practitioners, and investigators in the fields of psychobiology, psychology, neurophysiology, and philosophy.
Russian Philosophy in the Twenty-First Century
Language: en
Pages: 444
Authors: Mikhail Sergeev, Alexander N. Chumakov, Mary Theis
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-11-23 - Publisher: BRILL

Russian Philosophy in the Twenty-First Century: An Anthology presents a variety of contemporary philosophic problems found in the works of prominent Russian thinkers, ranging from social and political matters and pressing cultural issues to insights into modern science and mounting global challenges.
Matter and Consciousness
Language: en
Pages: 184
Authors: Paul M. Churchland, Paul Churchland
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 1988 - Publisher: MIT Press

In Matter and Consciousness, Paul Churchland clearly presents theadvantages and disadvantages of such difficult issues in philosophy of mind as behaviorism,reductive materialism, functionalism, and eliminative materialism. This new edition incorporates thestriking developments that have taken place in neuroscience, cognitive science, and artificialintelligence and notes their expanding relevance to philosophicalissues. Churchland organizes and clarifies the new theoretical and experimentalresults of the natural sciences for a wider philosophical audience, observing that this researchbears directly on questions concerning the basic elements of cognitive activity and theirimplementation in real physical systems. (How is it, he asks, that living creatures perform somecognitive tasks so swiftly and easily, where computers do them only badly or not at all?) Mostsignificant for philosophy, Churchland asserts, is the support these results tend to give to thereductive and the eliminative versions of materialism. A BradfordBook
Essential Evolutionary Psychology
Language: en
Pages: 280
Authors: Simon Hampton
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2009-12-18 - Publisher: SAGE

Electronic Inspection Copy available for instructors here `It is refreshing, in the wake of the sometimes uncritical enthusiasm for evolutionary psychology, to read a thoughtful and balanced account of the problems as well as the benefits of an evolutionary perspective on human behaviour' - Professor Anne Campbell, Durham University Essential Evolutionary Psychology introduces students to the core theories, approaches, and findings that are the necessary foundations for developing an understanding of the evolutionary psychology. It offers a sound, brief and student friendly explication of how evolutionary theory has been and is applied in psychology. The book unpicks the very essence of human evolution, and how this knowledge is used to give evolutionary accounts of four of the central pillars of human behaviour - cooperation, attraction, aggression, and family formation. It also covers evolutionary accounts of abnormal behaviour, language and culture. Visit the Companion Website at www.sagepub.co.uk/hampton
Metaphysics and the Mind-body Problem
Language: en
Pages: 278
Authors: Michael E. Levin
Categories: Metaphysics
Type: BOOK - Published: 1979 - Publisher: Oxford University Press

Books about Metaphysics and the Mind-body Problem
A Different Drummer
Language: en
Pages: 156
Authors: Bruce Alden Cox, Jacques M. Chevalier, Valda Blundell
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 1989 - Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

This volume is a collective production by Carleton University's anthropology caucus, for use in introductory courses in cultural anthropology. It is an alternative to available textbooks which the caucus feels are mainly American in orientation, and not respectful of third and fourth world peoples.
Contemporary Materialism
Language: en
Pages: 390
Authors: Paul K. Moser, Professor and Chair of Philosophy Paul K Moser, J. D. Trout, Professor of Philosophy and Psychology J D Trout
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2002-11-01 - Publisher: Routledge

Contemporary Materialism brings together the best recent work on materialism from many of our leading contemporary philosophers. This is the first comprehensive reader on the subject. The majority of philosophers and scientists today hold the view that all phenomena are physical, as a result materialism or 'physicalism' is now the dominant ontology in a wide range of fields. Surprisingly no single book, until now, has collected the key investigations into materialism, to reflect the impact it has had on current thinking in metaphysics, philosophy of mind and the theory of value. The classic papers in this collection chart contemporary problems, positions and themes in materialism. At the invitation of the editors, many of the papers have been specially up-dated for this collection: follow-on pieces written by the contributors enable them to appraise the original paper and assess developments since the work was first published. The book's selections are largely non-technical and accessible to advanced undergraduates. The editors have provided a useful general introduction, outlining and contextualising this central system of thought, as well as a topical bibliography. Contemporary Materialism will be vital reading for anyone concerned to discover the ideas underlying contemporary philosophy. David Armstrong, University of Sydney; Jerry Fodor, Rutgers University, New Jersey; Tim Crane, University College, London; D. H. Mellor, Univeristy of Cambridge; J.J.C.
Matter and Consciousness, third edition
Language: en
Pages: 304
Authors: Paul M. Churchland
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-08-16 - Publisher: MIT Press

An updated edition of an authoritative text showing the relevance for philosophy of mind of theoretical and experimental results in the natural sciences. In Matter and Consciousness, Paul Churchland presents a concise and contemporary overview of the philosophical issues surrounding the mind and explains the main theories and philosophical positions that have been proposed to solve them. Making the case for the relevance of theoretical and experimental results in neuroscience, cognitive science, and artificial intelligence for the philosophy of mind, Churchland reviews current developments in the cognitive sciences and offers a clear and accessible account of the connections to philosophy of mind. For this third edition, the text has been updated and revised throughout. The changes range from references to the iPhone's "Siri" to expanded discussions of the work of such contemporary philosophers as David Chalmers, John Searle, and Thomas Nagel. Churchland describes new research in evolution, genetics, and visual neuroscience, among other areas, arguing that the philosophical significance of these new findings lies in the support they tend to give to the reductive and eliminative versions of materialism. Matter and Consciousness, written by the most distinguished theorist and commentator in the field, offers an authoritative summary and sourcebook for issues in philosophy of mind. It is suitable for use as an introductory undergraduate text.
One Hundred Twentieth-Century Philosophers
Language: en
Pages: 256
Authors: Stuart Brown, Diane Collinson, Dr Robert Wilkinson, Robert Wilkinson
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2008-02-20 - Publisher: Routledge

One Hundred Twentieth-Century Philosophers offers biographical information and critical analysis of the life, work and impact of some of the most significant figures in philosophy this century. Taken from the acclaimed Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers, the 100 entries are alphabetically organised, from Adorno to Zhang Binglin, and cover individuals from both continental and analytic philosophy. The entries have an identical four-part structure making it easy to compare and contrast information, comprising: * biographical details * a bibliography of major works * a listing of relevant secondary and critical literature * an appraisal of the philosopher's thoughts and achievements. A separate glossary provides an introduction to the origins, development and main features of major philosophical schools and movements and offers select bibliographies to guide the reader to further research.